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 Justice and Just Society part-1
What is justice: A torch leading society on an earthy road towards concretized or even somewhat cracked utopianism from the musty and muggy world or an idea that hovers around merely having a society the root of which sprouts from the watered ground of happiness quotient of its individuals. But mythos
of utopianism are too slippery to be caught by our hands so habitual of dreaming about pail or more ambitiously even pond of olive and happiness of late seems to have become as extrinsic a characteristic as intrinsic once it was.
For all our claims about the idea of happiness being a state of mind on the lines of famous maxim ‘adversity is inevitable but suffering is optional’ we can’t divorce our state of mind from two crucial factors. One, the society we live in and second the state of idea of justice in our society. However reclusive and ascetic I may be my years on earth will bear the stamp of my society and its socio-economic-political structure. So irrespective of justice being a torch bringing in light into darkness laden corners of my life or a teacher trying to have me smile amidst all the odds jostling me to be a thin line on a limited size paper I as a member of a society do care for the forms of justice with all their flaws my society has adopted. In this background sometimes it becomes imperative to think over what is just society and how far are we from attaining it.
The just society is wherein the ken of justice touches upon every conceivable aspect of society. If justice is being right and fair and sense of just encapsulates what is legally or ethically right, proper and fitting then what are the hiccups in our being right and fair ethically and legally and help our society become a just society. Don’t we witness the propounding of these values all the time around us right from our childhood? If we have a model like Gandhiji to lookup to for whom the thought of ‘right’ in all its forms was more captivating and important than just snatching away freedom from an imperious society what keeps us from realizing the dream of having a society based on justness of the causes.
The thought ‘everybody is fair to everybody’ is enchanting and seems like a potential fount for all the extrinsic causes of happiness. One primary impediment to this thought is the inequality prevalent in our society which in other words is the disparity that persists between various sections of the society paramountly along religious, economic and social structure lines. This inequality leads to inequity. The branches of these disparities are now so deeply entrenched in the fiber of the societies that wrenching any society free of them is a utopian idea in itself.
Societies in themselves are a conglomeration of myriad communities sharing different and multi hued relationship with one another. How far do these relationships go in imbuing the spirit of interdependence with humanity, reverence or otherwise formulates the framework that ultimately becomes the cemented structure we call society. With the passage of time these threads have grown so stronger and robust that every hand that tried to break these threads was made to shed blood unless it held a scissor of power of one form or another entangled in its fingers. This corollary brings us to the trenchant question. If just society is an equal society then how feasible is this idea to be realized.
If we go by what Michael Sandel says who has recently released his book Justice: What`s the Right Thing to Do? then a community describes not just what its members have as fellow citizens but also what they are, not a relationship they choose but an attachment they discover, not merely an attribute but a constituent to their identity. Though philosophically the concept of discovering one’s identity rather than choosing seems righteous but if the same principal is baked in social hearth of reality the result can be quite horrifying in the sense that not only it reinforces the divisions of the society along community lines but also absolves one of the responsibility of having to choose an identity(Pramod Khilery )