"Anwaarul Intibah Fi Hallil Nidaa Ya Rasoolallah"
by: A`LA HAZRAT, IMAM-E-AHLE SUNNAT, ASH SHAH IMAM AHMED RAZA BAREILVI AL- QADERI (RADI ALLAHU ANHU)
AN ISLAMIC JUDICIAL QUERY
Question: What is the ruling of the Ulema of Islam on the following matter?I ask the learned Scholars of Islam:
Zaid, who is a Muslim and believes in Almighty Allah and the Prophethood of his beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), recites after
every Salaah and at other times, the following verses:As Salaatu Was Salaamu Alaika Ya Rasoolullah - "Peace and Blessings upon you, O Messenger of Allah."Or As Alukash Shafaa`atu Ya Rasoolullah - "I seek from you Shafaa`at (Intercession), O Messenger of Allah."
(1) Are such calls to the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) permitted in Islam?
(2) What is the ruling of the Learned Scholars concerning individuals who refer to those who call to the Prophets and Saints as Kaafirs and Mushriks?
Please enlighten us on this. We pray that you enjoy the mercy of Allah on the Day of Judgement. Aameen.
Alhamudullilahi wa Kafaa Was Salaatu Was Salaamu alaa Habeebihil Mustafa wa Aalihi Wa Ashaabihi Oolis Sidqi Was Safaa
The utterance of the above words are indeed permitted and no person other than those who are misled would argue with it. For reference on this matter, we shall consult the following great Jurists of Islam and their books:
A. "Shifa-us-Siqaam", by Imaam Taqi`udeen Abul Hasan Subki (radi Allahu anhu),
B. "Mawaahibbe Ladunnia", by Imaam Ahmed Qastalaani (radi Allahuanhu), being the Sharah (Commentary) of Sahih-ul-Bukhari,
C. "Sharah of the Muwaahibbe Laddunnia", by Allama Zarqaani (radi Allahu anhu),
D. "Mutaali-ul-Mussarraat" by Imaam Allama Faasi (radi Allahu anhu),
E. "Sharah of Mishkaat", by Allama Mulla Ali Qaari (radi Allahuanhu),
E. "Ashatul Lamaat", including the books, "Jazbul Quloob"and "Madaarijun Nubuwat", by Shaikh Muhaqqiq Allama Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dehlwi (radi Allahu anhu),
G. "Afdalul Qur`a", which is the "Sharah of Ummul Qur`a" by Imaam ibn Hajar Makki (radi Allahu anhu).
I will now quote a Hadith, proving that it is permissible to utter the above mentioned words. This Hadith has been certified authentic by the following great Scholars of Islam:
A. Imaam Nisaai (radi Allahu anhu),
B. Imaam Tirmidhi (radi Allahu anhu),
C. Imaam ibn Maaja (radi Allahu anhu),
D. Imaam Haakim (radi Allahu anhu),
E. Imaam Baihaqi (radi Allahu anhu),
F. Imaam ibn Hazeema (radi Allahu anhu),
G. Imaam Abul Qasim Tabraani (radi Allahu anhu),
H. Imaam Manzari (radi Allahu anhu),
I. Imaam Muslim (radi Allahu anhu),
J. Imaam Bukhari (radi Allahu anhu).
(1) All the above mentioned Scholars of Ahadith, narrate on the authority of Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu), that a Sahabi who was blind by birth was taught a special Du`a by the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), which he was to recite after every Salaah.
The Du`a is as follows: Allahumma Inni As Aluka Wa Ata Wajjahu Ilaika Binabiyika Muhammadin Nabiyyir rahmati Ya Muhammadu Inni Ata Wajjahu Bika ila Rabbi Fi Haajati haazihi lituqda li. Allahumma Fashaf`fi`u Fiya. "O Allah, I ask from you, and turn towards you through the Wasila (Medium) of Your Nabi Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), who is indeed a Prophet of Mercy. O Muhammad, with your Wasila (Medium) I turn towards Allah for my need so that it may be bestowed.
O Allah, accept the Prophet`s intercession for me."
(2) Imaam Tabraani (radi Allahu anhu), in his "Muhjam" records the following incident:
A person in dire need visited Ameerul Mu`mineen Hazrat Uthman Ghani (radi Allah anhu). The Caliph was busy with some other work and he did not attend to his need. Thereafter, the person went to Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu) and complained about the matter. Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu) ordered the man to perform the Wudhu (ablution), enter the musjid and to offer two Rakaats of Nafil Salaah. He was then to recite the following Du`a:Allahumma Inni As Aluka Wa Ata Wajjahu Ilaika Binabiyina Nabiyyir rahmati Ya Muhammadu Inni Ata Wajjahu Bika ila Rabbi Fayadiha Haajati wa tazkuru haajataka wa ruh illaya hatta arooha
ma`aka. "O Allah, I beg of you and I seek your assistance, with the Wasila (Medium) of your beloved Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) who is the Prophet of Mercy. O Muhammad! I turn to Allah with your Wasila so that my needs be fulfilled."
Thereafter, he was told to mention his need. On completion, he was told to visit Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu), so that both could visit the august court of Hazrat Uthman Ghani (radi Allahu anhu). When he presented himself in front of the great Caliph, he was not only shown great respect, but his need and wish were also immediately granted. The Caliph, then addressing the man stated: "In future if you require any favour, come immediately to me."
After they had left the court of the great Caliph, the man thanked Hazrat Uthman bin Haneef (radi Allahu anhu) for mentioning him to the Caliph, the latter clearly stated that he had not even approached the Caliph. He then stated: "By Allah, I saw the Holy Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wasallam) teaching the very same Du`a to a blind man. Miraculously, the blind man then approached us before we could even complete our conversation, and it appeared as if he had never been blind."
Imaam Tabraani and Imaam Munzari (radi Allahu anhuma) have both stated that this Hadith is authentic.
(3) Imaam Bukhari (radi Allahu anhu) in his "Kitaabul Adaabul Mufrad", Imaam Ibnus Sinni and Imaam ibn Bashkool (radi Allahu anhuma) have recorded that, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Omar (radi Allahu anhu) once suffered from a cramp. Someone advised him to remember the person whom he loved the most. The great companion then proclaimed loudly, "Ya Muhammadah." It is recorded that he was immediately relieved.
(4) Imaam Nawawi (radi Allahu anhu) in his commentary of the Sahih Muslim, including in his book, "Kitaabul Azkaar", records that some individuals were sitting in the company of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (radi Allahu anhu), when suddenly one of them suffered from cramps. The great companion advised the man to remember the person whom he loved the most. The man proclaimed, "Ya Muhammadah." He was immediately cured. There are in fact many Ashbaab who narrate incidents of similar incident.
(5) Substantiating this, Allama Shahaab Khafaaji Misri (radi Allahu anhu) states in his "Naseem-ur Riyaaz" a commentary of the "Shifa" by Imaam Qaadi Ayaaz (radi Allahu anhu), that it is an established practice of the people of Medina Shareef to proclaim "Ya Muhammadah" in times of difficulty and anxiety.