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 Creationism, Evolution, Intelligent Design or Islam?

Creationism, natural selection, intelligent design, the theory of evolution. Thinking about the creation of the world, the universe, and humankind can be confusing. There are theories, opinions, and beliefs. The creation of the universe was a random act, humankind evolved from apes, living creatures climbed out of the primordial swamp, science proves some sort of intelligence designed the universe.

Confused? You should be, because that is not all. There is also neo creationism , old earth creationism, flood geology, the big bang theory, evolutionary biology, the common descent theory, and macroevolution. What does it all mean?

For many people it must be a kind of lottery, or a theory of the year choice. Each group has its evidence, some believe in God, others do not. Some use science to prove their opinions, others use the book of Genesis or other creation myths. In Islam, the story of creation is clear. There are no partly formed theories or strange opinions to add to the confusion. The creation of the world and all that exists is attributed to God. The most merciful, most wise, most forgiving.

{God created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days.} [Quran 7:54]

Transliteration: `Inna Rabbakumu Allahu Al-Ladhi Khalaqa As-Samawati Wa Al-`Arda Fi Sittati `Ayyamin

{Then He completed and finished from their creation seven heavens in two Days and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.} [Quran 41:12]

Transliteration: Faqadahunna Sab`a Samawatin Fi Yawmayni Wa `Awh aacute; Fi Kulli Sama`in `Amraha Wa Zayyanna As-Sama`a Ad-Dunya Bimasabiha Wa Hifžaan Dhalika Taqdiru Al-`Azizi Al-`Alimi

{And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.} [Quran 15:26]

Transliteration: Wa Laqad Khalaqna Al-`Insana Min Salsalin Min Hama`iin Masnunin

{And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.} [Quran 15:28]

Transliteration: Wa `Idh Qala Rabbuka Lilmala`ikati `Inni Khaliqun Basharaan Min Salsalin Min Hama`iin Masnunin

God created Adam the father of humankind from mud (clay, soil, earth, or dust mixed with water), he created his wife Eve from a rib bone. The traditions of Prophet Muhammad relate that God created Eve while Adam was sleeping, from his shortest left rib and that, after sometime, she was clothed with flesh. God then endowed Adam and Eve with the ability to procreate.

{God has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them, some creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. God creates what He wills. Verily! God is Able to do all things.} [Quran 24:45]

Transliteration: Wa Allahu Khalaqa Kulla Dabbatin Min Ma`in Faminhum Man Yamshi `Al aacute; Batnihi Wa Minhum Man Yamshi `Al aacute; Rijlayni Wa Minhum Man Yamshi `Al aacute; `Arba`in Yakhluqu Allahu Ma Yasha`u `Inna Allaha `Al aacute; Kulli Shay`in Qadirun

{And God said: ‘O Mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam) and from Him (Adam) He created his wife (Eve), and from them both He created many men and women.’} [Quran 4:1]

Transliteration: Ya `Ayyuha An-Nasu Attaqu Rabbakumu Al-Ladhi Khalaqakum Min Nafsin Wahidatin Wa Khalaqa Minha Zawjaha Wa Baththa Minhuma Rijalaan Kathiraan Wa Nisa`an

{And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman). Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be God the Best of creators.} [Quran 23: 12 -14]
Transliteration: Wa Laqad Khalaqna Al-`Insana Min Sulalatin Min Tinin (12) Thumma Ja`alnahu Nutfatan Fi Qararin Makinin (13) Thumma Khalaqna An-Nutfata `Alaqatan Fakhalaqna Al-`Alaqata Mudghatan Fakhalaqna Al-Mudghata `Ižamaan Fakasawna Al-`Ižama Lahmaan Thumma `Ansha`nahu Khalqaan `Akhara Fatabaraka Allahu `Ahsanu Al-Khaliqina

In Islam, unlike other religions there are no great debates involving the separation of science and religion. Islam teaches us that great scientific discoveries and break throughs are simply evidence of the existence of God. If scientific theories conflict with the Quran and the authentic traditions of Prophet Muhammad Muslims simply reject them. However apart from the premise in Darwin’s theory of evolution, that man is descended from apes, Quran, and modern science are remarkably in accord.

{Indeed, the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most of mankind do not realize it.} [Quran 40:57]

Transliteration: Lakhalqu As-Samawati Wa Al-`Ardi `Akbaru Min Khalqi An-Nasi Wa Lakinna `Akthara An-Nasi La Ya`lamuna

More than 14 centuries ago the Quran mentioned scientific facts that have only recently been discovered using modern scientific methods and advanced equipment. The development of scientific disciplines, such as cosmology and astrophysics have explained some of the mysteries of God’s creation. Cosmic events that were previously part of the unseen now make sense according to modern scientific theory.

{Then He rose over towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: ‘Come both of you willingly or unwillingly.’ They both said: ‘We come, willingly.’} [Quran 41:11]
Transliteration: Thumma Astaw aacute; `Il aacute; As-Sama`i Wa Hiya Dukhanun Faqala Laha Wa Lil`ardi Ai`tiya Taw`aan `Aw Karhaan Qalata `Atayna Ta`i`ina

Modern cosmology indicates that, at one point in time, the whole universe was nothing but a cloud of ‘smoke’, an opaque highly dense and hot gaseous composition. It is now possible for scientists to observe new stars being formed out of the remnants of the ‘smoke’. Dr. Loretta Dunne from Cardiff University, says that “Cosmic dust consists of tiny particles of solid material floating around in the space between the stars. It is not the same as house dust but more akin to cigarette smoke.”[1] Astronomers studied supernovae SN 2003gd using the Spitzer space telescope, and found that it had produced tremendous amounts of dust.

In the creation of humankind we are also now able to see modern scientific evidence that seems to be in accord with the words of God in Quran. Many elements present in the earth are also contained in the human body. The most critical component to land-based life is the top soil; that thin layer of dark, organically rich soil in which plants spread out their roots. It is in this thin, vital layer of soil that microorganisms convert raw resources, and make them available to the myriad forms of life around and above them.

The Quran instructs Muslims to “contemplate the wonders of creation” (3:191) Imagine the precision and timing that allows the world and all that is in it to function. Complex systems run perfectly. The earth is specifically designed for human life and life on earth is a delicate balance, from the lofty skies to the depths of the ocean.