Islamic Books
Islamic Lectures
Duas / Prayers
Prophets Encyclopedia
Islamic Battles
Picture Gallery
Discussion Forum
Subscribe to our Newsletter
 Shia`s Dominance

xMany readers - as noticed from their comments - have surely been shocked by the history of the rise of Shia. Certainly, we do not record historical facts merely to know what had happened in various stages of history. Rather, we aim at taking lessons wherefrom so that we might be able to tackle our crises in a better and a clearer way. Therefore, ignoring such history stands for committing a crime against modern generations. By doing so, we deprive ourselves of light if we overlook studying the roots of the issue, otherwise. Moreover, first of all, the Qur`an enjoins us to study the stories of ancient nations so as to apply its lessons to our actual fact. In this regard, Allah (may He be Exalted) said, "So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect." [Al-A`raf, 176], {????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????????} Transliteration: Faqsusi Al-Qasasa La`allahum Yatafakkaruna, Accordingly, it is not enough to merely tell stories. Rather, we have to reflect on stories and derive wherefrom practical methods to help us understand our actual fact and thus be enlightened about our future.

I would like to start the article with two important notes:

First: To understand and benefit from this article, readers should first read my previous article "Origins of Shia", as I highlighted there their origins and referred to some doctrines of Shia, which will help understand the developments.

Second: Until the moment I only narrate events and report authentic narrations. However, I have not yet highlighted our attitude toward Shia and the nature of relations that should be between us and them. Anyway, I will single out my next article for this topic. Thus, it will be useful to me to receive your impressions on how should we deal with them, especially while bearing in mind the historical and religious backgrounds we dealt with in detail.

Now back to the story of Shia:

After the death of Al-Hassan Al-`Askary (whom they consider their twelfth Imam), Shia passed by what was known in the history as the period of "Shia`s Bewilderment", during which they were divided into many sects, each formulating its religion beliefs according to their whims in such a manner as to have better political gains. The most famous of such sects was Ithna `Ashriyyah (who believe in, study and prepare for the advent of the Imam Al-Mahdi, the twelfth descendant of the Prophet Muhammad who is believed to be still alive and waiting for the world to prepare for his emergence from occultation and just leadership), which we dealt with in the previous article. However, it was not the sole sect on the arena. Rather, another but more dangerous sect rose which had the worst impact on the Muslim Ummah, namely, Isma`iliyyah (a major branch of the Shia with numerous subdivisions. It branched off from the Imamiyyah by tracing the imamate through Imam Ja`far Al-Sadiq`s son Isma`il, after whom it is named). It is one of the most erroneous sects whose followers are judged by most Muslim scholars to be out of the scope of Islam. A cunning plan by a Jew, called Maymun Al-Qaddah, who sought to plot against the Muslim Ummah, was behind the foundation of such a sect. This man pretended to be a Muslim and curried favor with Mohammed bin Isma`il bin Ja`far Al-Sadiq, making closer ties with him.

Mohammed bin Isma`il belongs to the Prophet`s Household and is the grandson of Ja`far Al-Sadiq (the sixth Imam according to Ithna `Ashriyyah). His father Isma`il is the brother of Musa Al-Kazim, the seventh Imam according to Ithna `Ashriyyah. Maymun Al-Qaddah perpetrated an act showing his great rancor to the Muslim Ummah, which motivated him to plan to undermine it even if several decades after his death! Maymun Al-Qaddah named his son bin Mohammed and bequeathed him to give his sons and grandsons the same names of Muhammad bin Isma`il`s sons and grandsons. His plan was that with the passage of time, those Jews would claim affiliation to the Household of the Prophet (peace be upon him) being the descendants of Muhammad bin Isma`il bin Ja`far Al-Sadiq! This is not everything. They are to claim that the right to the grand Imamate that is to dominate the entire Muslim Ummah is exclusive to the descendants of Isma`il bin Ja`far Al-Sadiq rather than those of Musa Al-Kazim as claimed by Ithna `Ashriyyah. Maymun`s dreams came true and the Isma`iliyyah sect came into existence. Later on, Maymun Al-Qaddah`s grandsons started to fabricate tenets and beliefs totally running counter to Islam. One of the most offensive of their tenets is that they believe in Incarnation (their Imam is Allah incarnate). They also believe in transmigration (the passing of the soul, especially those of their Iamams, at death into another mortal body). Moreover, they also believe that their Imams will return to life after death. Furthermore, they are extremely licentious and indecent and publicly slander Companions and insult the Prophet (peace be upon him) himself although they claim affiliation to him. Besides, their great concern was to assassinate Sunni leaders in the Muslim world. However, they will have a very serious potential with which I will deal later in this article.

Preaching Isma`iliyyah`s destructive ideas then started to spread vividly among the ignorant. Making use of people` s love of the Prophet`s Household, they persuaded a group of people that they were the grandchildren of Allah`s Messenger (peace be upon him). Many Persians who pretended outwardly to be Muslims while were inwardly Magi, embraced this call. One of them was Hussein Al-Ahwazy, who was one of the most devoted propagators and prominent founders of Isma`iliyyah. He practiced his mission in Basra where he happened to know a very virulent character in the history of Islam, Hamdan bin Al-Ash`ath. The latter`s ethnicity is controversial. Some scholars say he was a Persian Magi, while others say he was one of Bahrain Jews. However, Hamdan bin Al-Ash`ath was nicknamed "Qurmut". With the passage of time, he formed his own sect which was named Al-Qaramitah after his name. It is a branch of Al-Isma`iliyyah sect but is even more dangerous. This sect holds the idea of common ownership of money and women. Its adherents deem all prohibited acts such as murder, adultery and theft to be lawful. Furthermore, they make living on pillage and highway robbery. Concomitantly, all thieves and outlaws joined it and thus it became one of the most dangerous sects in the history of the Muslim Ummah.

All these and other countless developments took place during the second half of the third century A.H., which resulted in the rise of three major sects, Ithna `Ashriyyah, Isma`iliyyah and Qaramitah, each claiming to be on the right. Moreover, they differ in all respects including doctrines, principles and rulings. However, there were conflicts between them and Sunnis as well as among each other, as each of them denied the truth of the other. Actually, they were motivated by whims and innovation in religion.

Until this stage of history, such sects were no more than movements that staged disorder and turmoil within the Muslin Ummah. However, they had not yet assumed power or had sovereignty. By the end of the third century and the beginning of the fourth century A.H., great developments took place that led to serious repercussions.

The first sect to assume power was Al-Qaramitah, because it was the most virulent and violent sect. One of its propagators, Rustum bin Al-Hussein, reached Yemen where he established an Al-Qaramitah-based state and started to correspond with people everywhere – they corresponded with even Morocco - propagating their