Ishaq (Arabic ???? or ?????) is a prophet of Islam mentioned in the Qur`an. It is the Arabic name for Isaac.
Ishaq was the second son of Ibrahim by his first-wife Sarah. Islamic tradition holds that he was born nine years after Ishmael who was Ibrahim`s son from his second-wife Hagar. He was born after Ibrahim attempted to sacrifice Ishmael. Ishaq lived in Canaan and was made a prophet there. He was married at the age of 40. He also had twin sons, Yisau and Yaqub. As he grew older, he went blind. When he died, he was buried in Hebron along with his parents.
Ishaq (English: Isaac) in the Qu`ran
Isaac and Ishmael were given to Sarah, when she and Abraham was old of age. It is recorded that she laughed when God gave her good tidings of the birth of Ishaq (14:39)(11:71-72)(37:112-113).
The God whom Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac worshipped was the same God the sons of Jacob worshipped and surrendered to. They were called neither Jews nor Arabs in that time, but were considered righteous. Isaac and Jacob were made chiefs who guided by the command of God and God inspired in them the doing of good deeds and the right establishment of worship and giving of alms, and Isaac and Jacob were worshippers of God alone.
Isaac and Jacob are descendants of Abraham, who was called from a place where people were worshipping idols. Isaac and Jacob are both considered prophets and were given the mercy of God and He assigned to them a high and true renown.
God established the prophethood and the Scripture among the seed of Isaac and Jacob and were rewarded in the world (19:49-50)(21:72-73)(29:27).
The Qu`ran states that it makes no distinction between which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which other prophets received from God (2:133-140)(3:84)
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are called the forefathers of Joseph, upon whom God had perfected His grace. Joseph followed the same religion as his father (12:6)(12:38).
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are called bondmen of God and were purified with a pure thought (`remembrance of the Home/Hereafter`) and were in the sight of God of the elect and the excellent (38:45-47).
Ishaq in the Hebrew Bible
Isaac was born to Abraham by his wife Sarah and was the only child they had together. He was the longest lived of the three patriarchs (Genesis 21:1-3). Isaac was circumcised by his father when eight days old (Genesis 4-7); and a great feast was held in connection with his being weaned.
Sarah chose the name Isaac, because the angel promised that she should become a mother, she being beyond the age of having children privately laughed at the prediction. When the child was born, she said "God had made me to laugh, so that all that hear will laugh with me". She suckled the child herself and would not suffer Ishmael to inherit with him, but prevailed on Abraham to turn him and his mother Hagar out of doors.
When Isaac was about twenty-five years of age, the Lord tried Abraham and commanded him to sacrifice his son. Abraham obeyed and took Isaac, with two of his servant, to the place the Lord should show him. On the third day, discerning the place (supposed to be mount Moriah), he took the wood as for a burn-offering, placed it on his son Isaac, and took fire in his hand and a knife. As they went together toward the mount, Isaac said, "Behold the fire and the wood, but where is the sacrifice for the burnt-offering?". Abraham answered. "My son, God will provide a sacrifice for himself."
Arrived at the appointed place, Abraham put the wood in order, bound his beloved Isaac as a sacrifice, and taking the knife, stretched forth his hand to