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 Conquest of Mecca

Makkah (or Mecca) was conquered by the Muslims in the year 630 A.D. In 628 the Meccan tribe of Quraish and the Muslim community in Medina signed a truce called the Treaty of Hudaybiyya. Despite improved relations between Mecca and Medina after the signing of the Treaty of Hudaybiyya, a 10 year peace was to be broken by Quraish who, with their allies, the tribe of Bakr, attacked the tribe of Khuza`ah who were allies of the Muslims and it was possibly not known to the Pagan tribes at the time. However, the treaty was deemed broken. Abu Sufyan, the leader of the Quraish in Mecca, was aware that the balances were now tilted in Muhammad`s favour, went to Medina to restore the treaty but Muhammad refused to accommodate him and Abu Sufyan returned to Mecca empty handed. An approximately 10,000 strong Muslim army marched towards Mecca which soon surrendered peacefully. Muhammad acted generously to the Meccans, demanding only that the pagan idols around the Ka`aba be destroyed. Abu Sufyan converted to Islam and Muhammad announced

"Who enters the house of Abu Sufyan will be safe, who lays down arms will be safe, who locks his door will be safe".
He also declared:

Allah has made Mecca a sanctuary since the day He created the Heavens and the Earth, and it will remain a sanctuary by virtue of the sanctity Allah has bestowed on it until the Day of Resurrection. It (fighting in it) was not made lawful to anyone before me. nor will it be made lawful to anyone after me, and it was not made lawful for me except for a short period of time. Its animals (that can be hunted) should no be chased, nor should its trees be cut, nor its vegetation or grass uprooted, not its Luqata (most things) picked up except by one who makes a public announcement about it.[1]
Then along with his companions Muhammad visited the Ka`aba. The idols were broken and the stone gods were destroyed. Thereupon Muhammad recited the following verse from the Qur`an:"Say the Truth is come and falsehood gone; Verily falsehood is ever vanishing."[2]

The people assembled at the Ka`aba, and Muhammad delivered the following address:

"There is no god but Allah. He has no associate. He has made good His promise that He held to his bondman and helped him and defeated all the confederates. Bear in mind that every claim of privilege, whether that of blood or property is abolished except that of the custody of the Ka`aba and of supplying water to the pilgrims. Bear in mind that for any one who is slain the blood money is a hundred camels. People of Quraish, surely God has abolished from you all pride of the time of ignorance and all pride in your ancestry, because all men are descended from Adam, and Adam was made of clay."
Then Muhammad turning to the people said:

"O ye Quraish, what do you think of the treatment that I should accord you.?"

And they said, "Mercy, O Prophet of Allah. We expect nothing but good from you."

Thereupon the Holy Prophet declared: "I speak to you in the same words as Joseph spoke to his brothers. This day there is no reproof against you; Go your way, for you are free."[3] Muhammad`s prestige grew after the surrender of the Meccans. Embassies from all over Arabia came to Medina to submit to him.

Biblical Prophecy
Certain scholars (mostly Muslim), believe the conquest of Mecca was foretold in Deuteronomy 33:2 of the Bible.

And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand [went] a fiery law for them.[4]

It was from Sinai that "God came from", the place Moses had his most glorious moment by revealing the ten commandments. Seir, from where "God dawned", is where Jesus had had his moment of glory, the place where he held The Sermon on the Mount. And it was in Paran that Ishmael came to live,[5] and it was Kedar`s people (the sons of Ishmael [6]) that would sing in glory due[7] to Gods chosen[8] that would bring the new song[9] and conquer the idol worshipers.[10] Muhammad was from Ishmaels progeny and it was he who with "ten thousand saints" conquered Mecca, and Muhammad had a "fiery law for them". The Hebraic word that is translated as "ten thousands" is ribboth, the plural of ribabah, which means multitude, myriad, or just ten thousand. The Hebraic word that is translated as "fiery law for them" is eshdath {esh-dawth`}, and means "fiery law", "fire of a law", or "fire was a law" (meaning uncertain). It is believed to come from a Persian word and could mean "something set" or "right", "Justice" or "to give". Muslims believe that Muhammad gave the Right and Just Law, that would "be set" and never be changed. "He shined forth" is interpreted as implying the zenith, or height and perfection of revelation.


Notes
^ Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 3, Number 104
^ Quran, Chapte