The Night of Qadr is a very great night in the blessed month of Ramadan. It is “the Night of Greatness.” In it, Allah brought down a great Book- the Qur’an. Each year, when the Night of Qadr occurs, great angels and great mercies come down to earth. This night is not a night specific to the nation of Muhammad which occurred after the revelation to Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam. It is known that the Night of Qadr occurred during Ramadan in the eras of the previous prophets. However, what is a specific for the nation of Prophet Muhammad is that Allah guided them to know that the month of Ramadan would be their fasting month. In Surat al -Qadr, Allah, ta^ala, said:
The first verse of this Surah:
means: [The whole Qur’an was brought down in its entirety during the Night of Qadr]. The Qur’an was copied from the Guarded Tablet and Jibril brought it down as a complete book to Baytul-^Izzah in the first sky. This occurred on the Night of Qadr in the month of Ramadan in the year Jibril first brought the revelation to the Prophet. Then, on the next day, Jibril came with the first five verses of Suratul-^Alaq. This was the beginning of the prophethood of Prophet Muhammad.
Ibn Hibban narrated from Wathilah Ibn al-‘Asqa^ that he said the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:
which means: <<The Torah was revealed on the sixth (6th) night of Ramadan, the Injil on the thirteenth (13th) night, the Zabur on the eighteenth (18th) night, and the Qur’an on the twenty-fourth (24th) night of Ramadan.>> From this hadith it is known that it is not a condition that the Night of Qadr happens on the 27th or the 29th of the month of Ramadan, although from other hadiths we know that this is most likely the case. Since the Night of Qadr might occur on any of the nights of Ramadan, the Muslims should put forth effort to pray each night of Ramadan, seeking the promised reward for the one who prays (the optional prayers) during that night. Making the extra effort in worshipping Allah especially during the last ten days of Ramadan is recommended, because in most of the cases, the Night of Qadr occurs during one of those nights.
The second verse:
literally means: [How would you know what the Night of Qadr is ?,] This means that before Allah informed you, you did not know what the merit of that Night was. This ayah truly is a question which emphasizes the high status of this night and encourages the person to