Home
Prophets Encyclopedia
Muhammad (PBUH)
Adam ( AS )
Idris (prophet)
Nuh ( prophet )
Hud (prophet)
Saleh ( Prophet )
Lut ( Prophet )
Ishmael ( Prophet )
Ibrahim ( Prophet )
Ishaq ( AS )
Yaqub ( AS )
Yusuf ( AS )
Ayyub ( AS )
Shoaib ( AS )
Moses (AS)
Harun (AS)
Dhul-Kifl (AS)
Daud (AS)
Illyas (AS)
Al-Yasa (AS)
Younis (AS)
Zakariya (AS)
Yahya (AS)
Isa (AS)
Our Beloved ^ISA (Jesus), the prophet of ALLAH
Our Beloved ^ISA (Jesus), the prophet of ALLAH - Part 2
HISTORY OF MUHAMMAD ( SAW)
Picture Gallery
Lectures
Subscribe to our Newsletter
Name:
Email:
 HISTORY OF MUHAMMAD ( SAW)

      Makkah and Muhammad  (SAW)

                            AD c.570 - 622

A child, Muhammad, is born in a merchant family in Mecca. His clan is prosperous and influential, but his father dies before he is born and his mother dies when the boy is only six.

Entrusted to a Bedouin nurse, Muhammad spends much of his childhood among nomads, accompanying the caravans on Arabia`s main trade route through Mecca.

 

 








A widow, Khadija, considerably older than Muhammad, has sufficient faith in him to entrust him with her business affairs; and when he is twenty-five, they marry. For the next fifteen years or so he lives the life of a prosperous merchant. But he develops one habit untypical of merchants.

From time to time he withdraws into the mountains to meditate and pray. In about the year 610 he has a vision which changes his life; and changes world history.

 








It is on Mount Hira, according to tradition, that the archangel Gabriel appears to Muhammad. He describes later how he seemed to be grasped by the throat by a luminous being, who commanded him to repeat the words of God. On other occasions Muhammad often has similar experiences (though there are barren times, and periods of self doubt, when he is sustained only by his wife Khadija`s unswerving faith in him).

From about 613 Muhammad preaches in Mecca the message which he has received.

 








Muhammad`s message is essentially the existence of one God, all-powerful but also merciful, and he freely acknowledges that other prophets - in particular Abraham, Moses and Jesus - have preached the same truth in the past.

But monotheism is not a popular creed with those whose livelihood depends on idols. Muhammad, once he begins to win converts to the new creed, makes enemies among the traders of Mecca. In 622 there is a plot to assassinate him. He escapes to the town of Yathrib, about 300 kilometres to the north.

 







 

Muhammad  (SAW) and the Muslim era: from AD 622

The people of Yathrib, a prosperous oasis, welcome Muhammad and his followers. As a result, the move from Mecca in 622 comes to seem the beginning of Islam.

The Muslim era dates from the Hegira - Arabic for `emigration`, meaning Muhammad`s departure from Mecca. In the Muslim calendar this event marks the beginning of year 1.