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 How to perform Salat

The Quran teaches us in many suras that Submission (in Arabic "Islam") is the religion of Abraham (2:135, 3:95, 4:125, 6:161 and 22:78). Muhammad was a follower of Abraham, as we learn from 16:123. All religious practices in Submission (Islam) were given to us through Abraham; they include:

(1)   the five daily Contact Prayers (Salat),
(2)   the obligatory charity (Zakat),
(3)   the fasting during Ramadan, and
(4)   the Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca.

Specifically, we learn from the Quran (21:73) that the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat) were given to Abraham.

Numerous verses throughout the Quran inform us that the Contact Prayers were in existence, intact, and practiced before the advent of Muhammad (see for example 8:35 & 9:54).

All positions of the Contact Prayers are found in the Quran, including the standing position (3:39, 39:9), the bowing and prostration positions (Rukoo` and Sajood) (2:43, 3:43, 9:112, 22:26,77).

The Five Times Are Specified in the Quran

(1)  The Dawn Contact Prayer is mentioned by name in 24:58. Before sunrise.
(2)  The Noon Contact Prayer is specified in 17:78. When the sun declines.
(3)  The Afternoon Contact Prayer is in 2:238. Midway between noon & sunset.
(4)  The Sunset Contact Prayer is mentioned in 11:114. Immediately after sunset.
(5)  The Night Contact Prayer is in 11:114, and is mentioned by name in 24:58. 

The Call to Prayer (Azaan)

Azaan is not part of the Contact Prayers, nor is it required. But it has become a tradition in the Muslim communities to summon the people to prayer through a loud announcement. The original Azaan used to conform with the Quran`s teachings, but became corrupted with time.

Originally, the call to prayer consisted of:
(1)  Allahu Akbar (God is Great), 4 times.
(2)  Laa elaaha Ellaa Allah (There is no god beside God), once.

Many years later, some people added Muhammad`s name to the Azaan. This violates God`s commandments in 2:136, 2:285, 3:84, 4:150 and 72:18. Later, other groups of Muslims added the names of Ali and family. Today the Azaan is severely corrupted throughout the Muslim world, and constitutes idol worship, not Submission to God ALONE.

The Correct Azaan

If you pray by yourself, an Azaan is not needed. The Azaan is usually observed when a group of people are ready to observe the prayer. One person stands up and utters the Azaan words, or chants them as follows:

Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar (God is great, God is great).
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.
Laa Elaaha Ella Allah
(There is no god besides God).

Preparation for the Contact Prayer 

O you who believe, in preparation for the Contact Prayer, you shall
(1)  wash your faces,
(2)  wash your arms to the elbows,
(3)  wipe your heads with wet hands, and
(4)  wash your feet to the ankles.                      [Quran 5:6]

Like all other aspects of Submission, the Muslims have corrupted the ablution by adding unauthorized steps. Ironically, the innovations became vested with such authority that anyone who questions them finds himself accused of innovation!!

It is therefore crucial to uphold God`s commands by strictly observing the ablution decreed in the Quran. Any additional steps represent another god besides God.

The Major Ablution

Following any sexual activity that results in a climax (orgasm/ejaculation), one must bath or take a shower (4:43).

The Dry Ablution (Tayammum)

If water is not available, one must touch clean dry soil, then wipe his hands and face. This suffices as a substitute for ablution (4:43, 5:6).

What Nullifies Ablution

Digestive excretions through the intestines, including gas, solids, or urine nullify ablution. Sleeping also nullifies ablution, since one becomes unaware. Thus one may observe a number of Contact Prayers with one ablution, provided he or she does not go to the bathroom, pass gas, or fall asleep.

HOW TO PERFORM THE CONTACT PRAYERS

1.  Face the direction of Mecca (Qiblah):

This is an organizational point decreed by God in 2:125. God wills that all submitters must face the same direction when they observe th