[3:145] No one dies except by GOD`s leave, at a predetermined time. Whoever seeks the vanities of this world, we give him therefrom, and whoever seeks the rewards of the Hereafter, we bless him therein. We reward those who are appreciative.
Death is one of the major events in our life. Everyone of us have a life span that will end at a predetermined time. Only God decides and knows when and where everyone`s life ends. No one dies a day before or after that pre-determined time.
[4:78] "Wherever you are, death will catch up with you, even if you live in formidable castles......"
Death is a great mystery to most people. Not so for the students of the Quran. We learn that death is exactly like sleeping; complete with dreams (6:60, 40:46). The period between death and resurrection passes like one night of sleep (2:259; 6:60; 10:45; 16:21; 18:11, 19, 25; 30:55).
Everyone dies, good bad, evil, saint, messenger or prophet.
[ 55:26-27] Everyone on earth perishes. Only the presence of your Lord lasts. Possessor of Majesty and Honor.
The submitters should accept the death as a fact of life realizing that no one will live any longer or shorter than what God decrees. The submitters believe that God`s choice for them is the best choice. Consistently, the Quran talks about two deaths, the first death took place when we failed to make a stand with God`s absolute authority (Appendix 7). That first death lasted until we were born into this world. The second death terminates our life in this world (2:28, 22:66, 40:11).
Death can be a test for those who are still alive.
[ 2:155] We will surely test you through some fear, hunger, and loss of money, lives, and crops. Give good news to the steadfast.
The believers react to any adversity affecting them according to the Quran;
[ 2:156] When an affliction befalls them (the believers), they say, "We belong to GOD, and to Him we are returning."
Before doing the Funeral Prayer, one has to understand that there is a category of people who should not be granted this prayer, the disbelievers or idol-worshipers.
[9:113] Neither the prophet, nor those who believe shall ask forgiveness for the idol worshipers, even if they were their nearest of kin, once they realize that they are destined for Hell.
[11:37] "Build the ark under our watchful eyes, and with our inspiration, and do not implore Me on behalf of those who have transgressed; they are destined to drown."
[9:84] You shall not observe the funeral prayer for any of them when he dies, nor shall you stand at his grave. They have disbelieved in GOD and His messenger, and died in a state of wickedness.
We also need to understand that God is encouraging the believers to implore Him. The Funeral Prayer is one of these circumstances where we can implore God. See for example these verses;
God rewards people for what they say (5:84-85).
[5:84-85] "Why should we not believe in GOD, and in the truth that has come to us, and hope that our Lord may admit us with the righteous people?" GOD has rewarded them for saying this; He will admit them into gardens with flowing streams. They abide therein forever. Such is the reward for the righteous.
[41:30-31] Those who proclaim: "Our Lord is GOD," then lead a righteous life, the angels descend upon them: "You shall have no fear, nor shall you grieve. Rejoice in the good news that Paradise has been reserved for you. "We are your allies in this life, and in the Hereafter. You will have in it anything you wish for; you will have anything you want.
[39:73] Those who reverenced their Lord will be led to Paradise in throngs. When they get to it, and its gates are opened, its guards will say, "Peace be upon you; you have won. Therefore, you abide herein forever."
[16:32] The angels terminate their lives in a state of righteousness, saying, "Peace be upon you. Enter Paradise (now) as a reward for your works."
God wants us to implore Him.
[40:60] "Implore Me, and I will respond to you. Surely, those who are too arrogant to worship Me will enter Gehenna, forcibly."
[2:186] "When My servants ask you about Me, I am always near. I answer their prayers when they pray to Me. The people shall respond to Me and believe in Me, in order to be guided."
Quran teaches us that God tests people with adversity and hardship that they may implore (6:42, 7:94).
[6:42] We have sent (messengers) to communities before you, and we put them to the test through adversity and hardship, that they may implore.
It also points out: [6:43] "If only they implored when the tests came to them! "
As for the Funeral Prayer, it is mentioned in the Quran by na