Home
Pillars
Hajj or Pilgrimage
Iman or Faith
Salat or Prayer
Sawm or Fasting
Zakat or Poor Due
The Signs of Qiyamah
The Rightly-Guided Caliphs
Justice in Islam
The Prerequisites of the Declaration of Faith
The Fast of Ramadan
RAMADAN
Introduction to Salat
How to perform Salat
Salat - Mathematical Structure
FUNERAL PRAYERS
70 Matters Related to Fasting
Ramadan: The Month of Mercy to Muslims
Reaping the benefits of Ramadan
LAYLAT UL-QADR
The virtue of the last ten days of Ramadaan and Laylat al-Qadr
The Salaf In Ramadaan
Remaining Steadfast After Ramadhaan
Reality and Obligation in Ramadan
Ramadhan: A Reminder of Unity
In Ramadan Paradise Opens its Doors
Ramadan Month of the Quraan
Questions on Ramadhaan
On Fasting Without Prayers
The Inner Secrets of Fasting
Important Lessons From Ramadan
Establishing Ramadhan and Other Islamic Dates
Eid & Zakat ul-Fitr
Salah or Prayer
Picture Gallery
Lectures
Subscribe to our Newsletter
Name:
Email:
 70 Matters Related to Fasting

  
  In the Name of Allaah the Most Gracious The Most Merciful

Al-Siyaam

70 Matters Related to Fasting

Book by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents

1-Introduction

2-Definition of Siyaam (fasting)

3-Ruling on fasting

4-The virtues of fasting

5-The benefits of fasting

6-Etiquette and Sunnah of fasting

7-What should be done during this great month

8-Some of the ahkaam (rulings) on fasting

9-How the onset of Ramadaan is determined

10-Who is obliged to fast?

11-Travellers

12-The sick

13-The elderly

14-Niyyah (intention) in fasting

15-When to start and stop fasting

16-Things that break the fast

17-Rulings on fasting for women


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Introduction

Praise be to Allaah, we praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own selves and from our evil deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides cannot be misled, and whomsoever He leaves astray cannot be guided. I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah alone, with no partner or associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

Allaah has blessed His slaves with certain seasons of goodness, in which hasanaat (rewards for good deeds) are multiplied, sayi’aat (bad deeds) are forgiven, people’s status is raised, the hearts of the believers turn to their Master, those who purify themselves attain success and those who corrupt themselves fail. Allaah has created His slaves to worship Him, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): “And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans except that they should worship Me (Alone).” [al-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

One of the greatest acts of worship is fasting, which Allaah has made obligatory on His slaves, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… Observing al-sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become al-muttaqoon (the pious).” [al-Baqarah 2:183]

Allaah encourages His slaves to fast:

“… And that you fast, it is better for you, if only you know.” [al-Baqarah 2:184 – interpretation of the meaning]

He guides them to give thanks to Him for having made fasting obligatory on them:

“… that you should magnify Allaah for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” [al-Baqarah 2:185 – interpretation of the meaning]

He has made fasting dear to them, and has made it easy so that people do not find it too hard to give up their habits and what they are used to. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“… for a fixed number of days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]

He has mercy on them and keeps them away from difficulties and harm, as He says (interpretation of the meaning:

“… but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days…” [al-Baqarah 2:184]

No wonder then, that in this month the hearts of the believers turn to their Most Merciful Lord, fearing their Lord above them, and hoping to attain His reward and the great victory (Paradise).

As the status of this act of worship is so high, it is essential to learn the ahkaam (rulings) that have to do with the month of fasting so that the Muslim will know what is obligatory, in order to do it, what is haraam, in order to avoid it, and what is permissible, so that he need not subject himself to hardship by depriving himself of it.

This book is a summary of the rulings, etiquette and Sunnah of fasting. May Allaah make it of benefit to myself and my Muslim brothers. Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Definition of Siyaam (fasting)

(1) Siyaam in Arabic means abstaining; in Islam it means abstaining from things that break the fast, from dawn until sunset, having first made the intention (niyyah) to fast.

Ruling on fasting

(2) The ummah is agreed that fasting the month of Ramadaan is obligatory, the evidence for which is in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“O you wh