Hajj or Pilgrimage
Iman or Faith
Salat or Prayer
Sawm or Fasting
Zakat or Poor Due
The Signs of Qiyamah
The Rightly-Guided Caliphs
Justice in Islam
The Prerequisites of the Declaration of Faith
The Fast of Ramadan
Introduction to Salat
How to perform Salat
Salat - Mathematical Structure
70 Matters Related to Fasting
Ramadan: The Month of Mercy to Muslims
Reaping the benefits of Ramadan
The virtue of the last ten days of Ramadaan and Laylat al-Qadr
The Salaf In Ramadaan
Remaining Steadfast After Ramadhaan
Reality and Obligation in Ramadan
Ramadhan: A Reminder of Unity
In Ramadan Paradise Opens its Doors
Ramadan Month of the Quraan
Questions on Ramadhaan
On Fasting Without Prayers
The Inner Secrets of Fasting
Important Lessons From Ramadan
Establishing Ramadhan and Other Islamic Dates
Eid & Zakat ul-Fitr
Salah or Prayer
Picture Gallery
Subscribe to our Newsletter
 Ramadan: The Month of Mercy to Muslims

Ramadan: The Month of Mercy to Muslims


Mercy is a favour from Allah which He places in the hearts of whomsoever He
wills. Verily, Allah will have mercy on His servants who are merciful. Allah
is the Most Compassionate the Most Merciful. He loves the merciful and calls
to mercy. He orders His servants to enjoin patience and mercy. A person may
lack mercy for any number of reasons, among them, an abundance of sins and
disobedience. They stain their hearts so much so that they ultimately blind
them until their hearts become harder than stones. Allah says of the Children
of Israel: `And yet, after all this, your hearts hardened and became like
rocks, or even harder` (2:74).

Allah also says about them when they opposed and rebelled against the divine
law: `Then, for having broken their solemn pledge, We rejected them and
caused their hearts to harden` (5:13).

Among the things that cause a loss of mercy is arrogance with wealth and
pride with riches. Allah says: `Nay, verily, man becomes grossly overweening
whenever he believes himself to be self-sufficient` (96:6-7).

The day the heart is disciplined with faith and good deeds it fills with
mercy and kindness.

Another reason for the weakness of mercy is an abundance of gluttony and
saturation. They give rise to contempt and recklessness. Hence the month of
fasting was prescribed to crush this unruliness and ill discipline. The
fasting person is naturally among the most merciful people. That is because
he has tasted hunger, experienced thirst and endured hardship. His soul is,
therefore, enveloped with mercy, care and gentleness for Muslims.

Mercy is something which every Muslim is required to render to his brother
Muslim. It is a requirement from every responsible custodian toward those
under his care. He should feel sorry for them and be lenient toward them.
Prophet Muhammad sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam said: `O Allah! Whoever was
entrusted with authority over any affair of the Muslims and made it difficult
for them, please make it difficult for him. And whoever was entrusted over
any affair of the Muslims and was kind toward them, then be kind toward him.`

In a related hadith Allah`s Messenger also said: `Whoever oversees an affair
for my nation and disappeared or abandoned them without fulfilling their
needs while impoverishing them, Allah will debar him from his needs and
impoverish him on the Day of Judgement.`

Mercy demands that the scholar and teacher should be gentle toward his
students and lead them to the easiest and best ways to love him and benefit
from his teachings. If he does this Allah will decree for him the most
excellent and abounding reward. Listen to the manner in which Allah praises
His Prophet sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam : `And it was by God`s grace that
thou [O Prophet] didst deal gently with thy followers: for if thou hadst been
harsh and hard of heart, they would indeed have broken away from thee`

Mercy further requires from the imam that he should not make worship
difficult for his followers or cause them harm. On the contrary, he should be
merciful, kind and wise. The Prophet sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam said:
`Whoever from you leads the people in prayer must make it easy because among
them are the old, the sick, the young and the needy.` It was narrated that
when Mu`adh once extended the prayer the Prophet sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam
said to him: `Are you a troublemaker O Mu`adh? Are you a troublemaker O
Mu`adh? Are you a troublemaker O Mu`adh?`

In the same manner, when Uthman ibn Abi al As al Thaqafi requested: `O
Messenger of Allah, make me an imam of my people.` The Prophet sallallahu
`alaihi wa sallam said: `You are their imam so lead the prayer according to
the weakest of them and take a caller to prayer who would seek no payment for
doing so.`

Mercy dictates that the one who calls to Islam must advise those whom he is
inviting with tenderness. That he should, moreover, clarify issues to them
with concern. He should not hurt, defame people or even revile the
disobedient in public. Allah advised Moses and Aaron to employ the following
methods in their call to the tyrant Pharaoh: `But speak unto him in a mild
manner, so that he might bethink himself or [at least] be filled with
apprehension` (20:44).

He also says: `Call thou [all mankind] unto thy Sustainer`s path with wisdom
and goodly exhortation, and argue with them in the most kindly manner`

The eminent jurist and Islamic scholar, Imam al Shafe`e wrote:

Support me with your advice in private,
and avoid advising me in public.

Surely giving advice among the people is a kind of reproa